Java33 07/10/2008

What is serialization and deserialization?

Serialization is the process of writing the state of an object to a byte stream. Deserialization is the process of restoring these objects.

What is the difference between JDBC and ODBC?

a) OBDC is for Microsoft and JDBC is for Java applications.
b) ODBC can’t be directly used with Java because it uses a C interface.
c) ODBC makes use of pointers which have been removed totally from Java.
d) ODBC mixes simple and advanced features together and has complex options for simple queries. But JDBC is designed to keep things simple while allowing advanced capabilities when required.
e) ODBC requires manual installation of the ODBC driver manager and driver on all client machines. JDBC drivers are written in Java and JDBC code is automatically installable, secure, and portable on all platforms.
f) JDBC API is a natural Java interface and is built on ODBC. JDBC retains some of the basic features of ODBC.

What is the difference between Reader/Writer and InputStream/Output Stream?

The Reader/Writer class is character-oriented and the InputStream/OutputStream class is byte-oriented.

What is a stream and what are the types of Streams and classes of the Streams?

A Stream is an abstraction that either produces or consumes information. There are two types of Streams and they are:
Byte Streams: Provide a convenient means for handling input and output of bytes.
Character Streams: Provide a convenient means for handling input & output of characters.
Byte Streams classes: Are defined by using two abstract classes, namely InputStream and OutputStream.
Character Streams classes: Are defined by using two abstract classes, namely Reader and Writer.

What are Vector, Hashtable, LinkedList and Enumeration?

Vector : The Vector class provides the capability to implement a growable array of objects.
Hashtable : The Hashtable class implements a Hashtable data structure. A Hashtable indexes and stores objects in a dictionary using hash codes as the object’s keys. Hash codes are integer values that identify objects.
LinkedList: Removing or inserting elements in the middle of an array can be done using LinkedList. A LinkedList stores each object in a separate link whereas an array stores object references in consecutive locations.
Enumeration: An object that implements the Enumeration interface generates a series of elements, one at a time. It has two methods, namely hasMoreElements() and nextElement(). HasMoreElemnts() tests if this enumeration has more elements and nextElement method returns successive elements of the series



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